Equity analysts will soon be able to attach a dollar figure to a company’s information portfolio, driving up the valuation of data savvy businesses.
Although it is one of a company’s most important assets, information is not found the balance sheet thanks to current accounting practices.
Gartner is predicting by 2021 the prevalence of equity analysts valuing organisations’ information portfolios in valuing businesses themselves will spark formal internal information valuation and auditing practices.
The predictions come from Gartner analyst Doug Laney, an expert on infonomics — measuring, managing and monetising information as a corporate asset.
“Even as we are in the midst of the information age, information simply is not valued by those in the valuation business,” said Laney.
“However, we believe that, over the next several years, those in the business of valuing corporate investments, including equity analysts, will be compelled to consider a company’s wealth of information in properly valuing the company itself.”
Companies which are have already hired a chief data officer (CDO), forming data science teams and engaging in enterprise information governance — command market-to-book ratios well above the market average, Gartner found.
“Anyone properly valuing a business in today’s increasingly digital world must make note of its data and analytics capabilities, including the volume, variety and quality of its information assets,” Laney said.
Initially, Gartner believes equity analysts and institutional investors will consider only a company’s technical data and analytics capabilities and how its business model provides a platform for capturing and leveraging information, not the actual value of its information assets.
Gartner is tipping the rapid rise of the CDO and says boards and CEOs should not delay in hiring or appointing CDOs to begin optimising the collection, generation, management and monetisation of information assets before a critical mass of equity analysts start asking related questions of them.
Algorithm Patent Boom
Gartner also predicts that by 2019, 250,000 patent applications will be filed that include claims for algorithms, a tenfold increase from five years ago.
Algorithm patents can be granted in the US, the EU and many other countries. Not all algorithms can be patented, but many can, even if the rules of application are not always straightforward.
According to a worldwide search on Aulive (named a Gartner Cool Vendor in 2016), nearly 17,000 patents applied for in 2015 mentioned “algorithm” in the title or description, versus 570 in 2000. Including those mentioning “algorithm” anywhere in the document, there were more than 100,000 applications last year versus 28,000 five years ago.
At this pace, and considering the rising interest in protecting algorithmic IP, by 2020 there could be nearly half a million patent applications mentioning “algorithm,” and more than 25,000 patent applications for algorithms themselves.
Of the top 40 organisations patenting the most algorithms the past five years, 33 are Chinese businesses and universities. The only western company in the top 10 is IBM at No. 10.
Gartner recommends that data and analytics leaders work with business leaders and experts to adopt and develop methodologies for valuing algorithms and assessing which ones should be patented.